12. A. Event Categories.  Men: Singles and Doubles Women: Singles and Doubles Mixed: Doubles

12.A.1. In events described by gender, only members of that gender shall be allowed to play in that event.

12.A.2. Mixed doubles – A mixed doubles team shall consist of one male and one female player.

12. B. Tournament Game Options. The primary and recommended tournament scoring option to be used is best two of three games to 11 points, win by 2 points. Other options include: one game to 15 or one game to 21. All formats win by 2 points.

12. C. Tournament Formats. There are four tournament formats that may be used. The particular format is typically the choice of the tournament sponsor or the tournament director.

12.C.1. Single Elimination with Consolation. The first player or team to score the match winning point by at least a 2-point margin wins. Losers from all rounds go into a consolation bracket playing for the bronze medal/third place and are eliminated after a second loss. The final two players or teams in the winners bracket play for the gold/first-place and silver/second-place medals.

12.C.2. Double Elimination. The first player or team to score the match-winning point by at least a 2-point margin wins. A loss will put the loser into the losers bracket. The winner of the losers bracket will play the winner of the winners bracket for the championship. If the winner of the losers bracket defeats the winner of the winners bracket, then a tie-breaker match to 15 points must be played.

12.C.3. Round Robin. All players or teams play each other. Games may use any of the approved tournament scoring options (see 12.B). The winner is determined based on number of matches won.

If two or more teams are tied:

First tie-breaker: head-to-head matches won.

Second tie-breaker: point differential of all games played.
(Example: Team A won Match 1 11-8, 11-4, so they would have a point differential of +10. Team A then wins the second match 11-9, 2-11, 11-6. For this round, they would have a point differential of -2. This would give them a total for the day of +8.)

Third tie-breaker: head-to-head point differential.

Fourth tie-breaker: point differential against next-highest team.
(Example: If the teams are tied for second, use point differentials against the first-place team.)

12.C.4. Pool Play. The participants are divided into two or more player pools. Each pool plays a round robin to determine the qualifiers that put the players into a single elimination or double-elimination playoff.

12. D. Draws and Seeding. A draw and seeding committee shall be appointed by the tournament director to rank the players and teams and set up a fair draw for each event.

12. E. Notice of Matches. It is the responsibility of each player to check the posted schedules to determine the time and place of each match. If any change is made in the schedule after the initial posting, the tournament director or his or her designated representative shall notify the players of the changes.

12.F.    Forfeits and Withdrawals.

12.F.1.  Forfeits

12.F.1.a. After the initial score has been called to start the match, the only option available for a player/team to discontinue playing the match until completion is Forfeit.

12.F.1.b. During a match, if a player/team cannot immediately continue after the 15-minute medical time-out period has expired, a Forfeit will be imposed.

12.F.1.c.  The player/team must make a Forfeit request during the match to either the referee or the opposing player/team.

12.F.1.d. The player/team who requests a Forfeit during a match, or a player/team on which a rule-based Forfeit has been imposed, will have all score(s) reported per the guidelines in the Forfeit Scoring section. (See Rule 12. F.3.)

12.F.1.e. If applicable, a player/team is still eligible for the next match in the same bracket after choosing a Forfeit option for a previous match.

12.F.1.f. A player/team may request a Forfeit for any upcoming match in the specified bracket.

12.F.2.  Withdrawals:

12.F.2.a. A player/team may request to be withdrawn from any scheduled bracket(s) that have not been started by tournament operations personnel.

12.F.2.b. If a player/team has completed any matches, the player/team may request to be withdrawn from ALL upcoming matches in that bracket.

12.F.2.c.  The player/team must make their Withdrawal request to either the Tournament Director, Head Referee or operations desk personnel.

12.F.2.d. The withdrawn player/team shall be removed from any future participation in the specified bracket.

12.F.2.e. The withdrawn player/team shall have all scores reported per the guidelines in the Withdrawal Scoring section. (See Rule 12.F.4.)

12.F.3.  Forfeited Match Scoring Guidelines

12.F.3.a. 2 out of 3 Format: 11-0, 11-0

1 Game to 15 Format: 15-0

1 Game to 21 Format: 21-0

12.F.3.b. If applicable (and the Withdrawal option has not been chosen) the player/team may continue to compete in any upcoming matches.

12.F.3.c.  All previous completed match scores, prior to the Forfeited match, will be retained.

12.F.4.  Withdrawal Scoring Guidelines for Remaining Matches.

12.F.4.a. 2 out of 3 Format: 0-0, 0-0

1 Game to 15 Format: 0-0

1 Game to 21 Format: 0-0

12.F.4.b. Scores for all matches completed prior to the Withdrawal request will be retained.

  1. F. Forfeited Matches. A player or team forfeiting a match for any reason shall lose the match as if that player or team lost all games of that match. Therefore, the other player or team wins the match as if that player or team won all games of that match. The winning player or team shall receive the appropriate point score and/or advance to the next level. ~2020 Rule change

12. G. Two‐Match Minimum. In all USAPA-/IFP-sanctioned tournaments, each entrant shall be entitled to participate in a minimum of two scheduled matches per event entered.

12. H. Scheduling Matches. A player is not permitted to enter multiple events scheduled on the same day with same or overlapping time duration.

12. I. Doubles Play. A doubles team shall consist of two players who meet the classification requirements to participate in a particular division of play.

12.I.1. In an event based upon skill rating, the higher-rated player determines the team’s ability level. In an adult event (ages 19 and over) based upon age grouping, the lowest age of the team members will determine the team’s age classification. Players may play in a younger division unless prohibited by the rules of the National Senior Games Association.

12.I.2. Juniors (ages 18 and under) may enter any junior event for which they are age qualified. If a junior event is not available or does not receive enough entrants, or at the tournament director’s permission, juniors may play as adults in the 19-andover events.

12. J. Partner change may be made prior to the first-round match, with the consent of the tournament director, if the change is due to injury, illness, or circumstances beyond the control of the player.

12.J.1. Under no circumstances can a partner change be made after the partners have begun team play.

12. K. Court Changes. In USAPA-/IFP-sanctioned tournaments, the tournament director or designee may decide on a change of courts after the completion of any tournament game if such a change will accommodate better spectator or playing conditions.

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